Washington — President Biden announced Wednesday that the United States will send the top 31.This is in response to an important request from Kyiv and will significantly increase Ukraine’s firepower over the coming months.
“Today, the United States is announcing that it will send 31 Abrams tanks to Ukraine,” Biden said at the White House, flanked by Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin. According to the Pentagon, this security his package is worth about $400 million.
The move comes after Germany said it wouldBiden has exported 14 of his own Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine, allowing Western partners to re-export their tanks. France, Britain, Finland, the Netherlands and others are also sending major security assistance, Biden said, stressing that the US move is part of a concerted effort by its Western allies.
according to Recent analysis According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, it takes about 100 tanks to make a significant impact in combat. A growing coalition of donor countries would make that goal achievable. said.
Here’s what the allies are sending:
The third-generation Leopard 2, a German main battle tank, is one of the most widely commissioned tanks in the world and is in service with more than a dozen other European countries, including Kosovo, Bosnia, Afghanistan, It is deployed in conflict areas such as Syria. First developed in 1979, the national vehicle reaches speeds of 42 mph and is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun and his two coaxial light machine guns as its primary armament. The manufacturer touts the Krauss-Maffei Wegmann as having optimal maneuverability, while also offering all-around protection from improvised explosive devices, mines and anti-tank fire.
“These are the Mercedes-BMW supertanks of the world,” Hamish de Breton-Gordon, a former commander of the British CBRN regiment, told CBS News. I would like to face one of them,” he said, referring to the Soviet/Russian model.
Aside from the Leopard 2’s widespread availability extending into neighboring Poland, the tank’s minimal training requirements may make it even more attractive to Ukraine.
“These tanks were designed to be very conscript-friendly,” said de Bretton-Gordon, likening the tank controls to PlayStation video game consoles from the ’90s. Basically he has three buttons — just press them in the right order, aim the gun at the target, and the tank does everything else. ”
So far, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has approved the deployment of 14 Leopard 2 tanks and associated ammunition from the state treasury and the training necessary to operate them on the battlefield.
A US main battle tank known for its gun stability and accuracy, the M1 Abrams also boasts a suite of crew protections designed to defend against chemical, biological and nuclear attacks. Exported to armies such as Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Australia, and Iraq, the 3rd generation tank has a 120mm gun and a lightweight turbine engine. Commissioned in 1980, the tank “continues to meet the emerging threats associated with the next generation of warfare.” according to the manufacturer General dynamics land system.
Last week, US officials said the tank’s complexity could cause problems in Ukraine, said Under Secretary of Defense Colin Carle.“It’s expensive. It’s hard to train and it’s not the easiest system to maintain.”
But de Bretton-Gordon said the Abrams is similar to its western counterpart in terms of ease of use and efficiency, with slightly more fuel required. Abrams is said by many to be a big tank, but he said, “But it’s slightly bigger than a Leopard and about the same size as a Challenger 2.”
Used by British and Omani armed forces, the British Challenger 2 is a third generation tank designed and built by BAE Systems, which was officially commissioned in 1994 and deployed in military operations including Eastern Europe and Iraq. and NATO’s strengthened forward presence in the Baltic States. Reaching a top speed of 37 miles per hour and armed with a .55 caliber long tank gun, chain gun and machine gun, its primary role is to destroy or neutralize armor. according to its manufacturer.
UK’s own Ministry of Defence explained It claims that the tank was “unique in its ability to exert extreme pressure on the enemy” and repelled a rapid and full advance. it is believed that It holds the record for the longest tank-to-tank kill in history, destroying an Iraqi tank at a range of 3 miles during the First Gulf War.
Earlier this month, Britain became the first Western country to agree to send tanks to Ukraine, with Downing Street receiving 14 along with other military equipment after talks with Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. announced the shipment of Challenger 2.