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Kirsty Alley died of colon cancer. Here are his disease risk factors and signs.

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Kirstie Alley died of colon cancer, her agent. confirmed this weekActor’s Family announced on monday She said the cancer was “only recently discovered” and said she died at the age of 71. An estimated 151,030 people will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer in the United States this year. according to Colorectal Cancer Alliance.

Colon cancer starts in the last part of the digestive tract, the large intestine or colon, and usually exists as small clumps of noncancerous cells within the colon. according to Mayo Clinic. These clumps of cells, called polyps, can develop into cancer when healthy cells mutate, leading to colon cancer.

The polyps that develop are small and cause few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, regular screening tests are recommended for adults over the age of 45 to check for potential polyps and to identify and remove polyps before they become cancerous.

Symptoms of colon cancer include changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation. rectal bleeding or blood in the stool; cramping or gas-like discomfort; unexplained weight loss, according to the clinic.

According to the Mayo Clinic, colon cancer usually occurs in older people, but it can occur later in life. Smoking, diabetes and obesity, and a diet low in fiber can increase the risk. African Americans also have an increased risk of colon cancer. A family history of colon cancer and a history of chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, are also factors that increase risk.

The overall incidence of this type of cancer is decreasing by about 1% per year, largely reflecting incidence among older people. In fact, it increased by 2% for those under 50 and 1% for those between 50 and 64. according to American Cancer Society.

Patients over the age of 45 should talk to their doctor about screenings such as stool tests and visual tests such as colonoscopies. Eating a healthy diet and controlling your weight are ways to reduce your risk.

The Mayo Clinic recommends eating fruits and vegetables, exercising, drinking in moderation, and not smoking.

Treatment of colon cancer includes surgery to remove polyps and cancer cells, and chemotherapy. according to American Cancer Society. Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. For example, stage II colon cancer can grow through the wall of the colon and may require surgery to remove part of the colon called a segmental colectomy.

Stage IV colon cancer may be treated with chemotherapy rather than surgery. In some cases, a colectomy or detour colectomy (removing the colon above the level of the cancer and attaching the end to an opening in the skin of the abdomen to allow waste to drain) there is.

In announcing her death, Alley Kids, True and Lily Park thanked doctors and nurses at Moffitt Medical Center in Tampa, Florida for her care. As much as she was, she was an even better mother and grandmother,” they said.

The 5-year survival rate for localized colon cancer is 91%, meaning there is no indication that the cancer has spread outside the colon or rectum. according to American Cancer Society. But his five-year survival rate for distant colon cancer (if the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body) drops him to 14%. It is not known what stage of cancer Alley had or when she was diagnosed.


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Written by Natalia Chi

Chicago Popular; Chicago breaking news, weather and live video. Covering local politics, health, traffic and sports for Chicago, the suburbs and northwest Indiana.

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